কোটা ইস্যুতে রোববার সুপ্রিম কোর্টে শুনানি, আশা করি সমাধান আসবে কারফিউয়ের সময়সীমা আরো বাড়ল কারফিউ প্রত্যাহার দাবি বিএনপির, আমির খসরু আটক কোটা আন্দোলনে কারফিউয়ের দিনেও ঢাকাতে ১০ জনের মৃত্যু বাংলাদেশের ছাত্রদের প্রতি সংহতি পশ্চিমবঙ্গে কোটা নিয়ে আপিল শুনানি রোববার চট্টগ্রাম ও রাজশাহী শহরের পরিস্থিতি নরসিংদীর কারাগারে হামলার পর পালিয়েছে আট শতাধিক আসামী শনিবার ঢাকায় কারফিউ-র যে চিত্র দেখা যাচ্ছে প্রধানমন্ত্রীর দুই বিদেশ সফর বাতিল বিএনপি নেতা নজরুল ইসলাম খান আটক সরকারের কাছে 'আট দফা দাবি' কোটা সংস্কার আন্দোলনকারীদের: ‘শাটডাউন’ কর্মসূচি চলবে নুরুল হক নুরকে আটক করা হয়েছে নাহিদ ইসলাম এখন কোথায়? হাইকোর্টের রায় বাতিল চাইবে রাষ্ট্রপক্ষ: অ্যাটর্নি জেনারেল শনিবার সহিংসতায় মৃত্যু হয়েছে আরো অন্তত সাত জনের কখন ফিরবে ইন্টারনেট সংযোগ - কেউ জানে না রোববার ও সোমবার সাধারণ ছুটি ঘোষণা কারফিউ দিনে ঢাকায় যে চিত্র দেখা গেছে সাতক্ষীরায় ছাত্রদল নেতার ইন্ধনে থানা ঘেরাওয়ের চেষ্টা!

Writs of High Court Division : Safeguarding Rights and Justice

Afrin Salauddin ( Contributor )

প্রকাশের সময়: 10-07-2024 06:19:07 pm

 Have you ever wondered how individuals and institutions can be held accountable under the law, ensuring fairness and justice prevail? Enter the world of writs: legal directives that wield immense authority in safeguarding fundamental rights and challenging governmental actions. 

 

 

According to Article 10, there are two sources of powers and jurisdiction of the High Court Division, THE CONSTITUTION and ORDINARY LAW. The Constitution itself has conferred on the High Court Division the following three types of jurisdictions: 

 

1. Writ Jurisdiction  

2.Jurisdiction as to Superintendence and Control over courts; and  

3. Jurisdiction as to Transfer of Cases.

Writ Jurisdiction:  Writ means a written document by which one is summoned or required to do or refrain from doing something. Historically writ originated and developed in the British legal system. Initially writs were royal prerogatives. Since only the King or Queen as the fountain of justice could issue writs, they were called prerogative writs. They were called prerogative writs because they were conceived as being intimately connected with the rights of the crown. 

The prerogative writs were five in number: 

1.  Habeas Corpus  

2. Certiorari  

3. Prohibition  

4. Mandamus 

5.Quo - Warranto

Habeas Corpus: In a writ of the High Court Division, habeas corpus is a legal order that allows a court to check if someone's imprisonment is lawful. It ensures that the court examines why the person is detained and decides whether they should be freed if their detention is found to be unfair or without proper reason. This writ is crucial for protecting individuals from wrongful or arbitrary detention by authorities.



Certiorari: Certiorari is a legal order that allows the court to review a decision made by a lower court, tribunal, or public authority. It is used to ensure that the decision-making process was lawful and fair. When certiorari is issued, the High Court Division examines whether the lower court or authority acted within its jurisdiction and followed the correct procedures. If the High Court finds that there were errors or unfairness in the decision-making process, it may quash (cancel) the decision and sometimes even order a retrial or rehearing. Certiorari is an important tool in upholding justice and ensuring that administrative or lower judicial decisions comply with the law and respect individual rights.


Prohibition :In a High Court Division writ, prohibition is a legal order that prevents a lower court or government body from taking an action that might be illegal or beyond its authority. It's like a 'stop' command issued by the High Court to ensure that lower courts or officials follow the rules properly. This writ is crucial for ensuring fairness in legal proceedings and making sure that all levels of the judiciary and government act within their designated powers.


Mandamus: Mandamus is a legal order that commands a government agency, public official, or lower court to perform a specific duty or action that it is legally required to do. For example, if a government department is not processing someone's application as required by law, the High Court Division can issue a mandamus instructing them to process it promptly. This writ ensures that public authorities fulfill their obligations and responsibilities according to the law, helping to uphold accountability and fairness in governance. Mandamus is a powerful tool for individuals seeking to enforce their rights against government agencies or officials who may be neglecting their duties. It aims to compel action where there is a legal duty to act, thereby promoting efficiency and adherence to legal standards in administrative processes.



Quo-Warranto: In a High Court Division writ, quo warranto is a legal order that questions whether a person has the right to hold a public office or position. When quo warranto is issued, the High Court asks the individual to prove they are qualified for their position. This writ makes sure only rightful and qualified people hold public offices, preventing unauthorized or illegal claims of authority. It promotes transparency and ensures government positions are held by those who deserve them. 



Here one thing needed to be mentioned is, Writs require applications to be issued by the High Court Division. Without any application of any party, High Court cannot exercise its this power.


In conclusion, writs represent crucial legal tools wielded by the High Court Division to uphold justice, protect individual rights, and ensure accountability within the legal system. From habeas corpus ensuring freedom from unlawful detention to mandamus compelling government action and quo warranto questioning authority, each writ serves a distinct purpose in maintaining the rule of law. By issuing these writs, the High Court Division plays a vital role in safeguarding the rights of citizens, promoting fairness in governance, and reinforcing the principles of a just society. As such, writs remain indispensable instruments in the arsenal of legal remedies, continuously adapting to uphold the evolving needs of justice in our modern world.




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